Computer Maintenance

Speed up your Old Mac Laptop

All computers start to run slowly as they age. This isn’t because they age (not like we do!) but typically because they fill up with junk that puts pressure on system resources. As new computers become faster and more resource intensive, our older machines start to struggle. Instead of rushing to the nearest computer shop for the latest and greatest, keeping on top of the clutter will help squeeze more life out of your old machine.

First Steps – Back everything up

Before doing anything like this is it’s important to have a full backup. If you’re using iCloud (or another Cloud service) to backup your files and photos, check that this is fully sync’d.

Then make a backup using Time Machine or another backup tool that will work with your Mac.

With the backup step completed, you can start to delete things and clean up unwanted files but first… restart your Mac. This is something Mac users rarely do – it’s not strictly needed in day-to-day usage – but when you do a full restart, which shuts the system down fully, the logs are cleared and updated and system apps are refreshed: it’s a simple step that can make things run more smoothly.

Once your Mac has started up again, you’re ready to clean things up.

Check and Update the Disk Space Settings

Another first step is check the disk space you have available. This will give you a useful “before” to compare to your efforts “after” you’ve cleaned things up.

  1. First click on the Apple icon (top left of the screen) and then select About This Mac.
  2. Select Storage, then make a note of the available space.
  3. Click Manage to check/change the settings for this Mac. This may take a few seconds while the tool runs through the setup on your machine.

Here you can select four options:

  • Store in iCloud – to determine how the iCloud connection is managed. For slow systems it’s best to set things up so that only the most recent files are on your computer and the rest are stored in iCloud.
  • Optimize Storage – definitely set this so that old TV shows etc. are deleted. Any you’ve paid for will still be accessible via iTunes and keeping on your system will take up a considerable amount of space. Unless you send a lot of emails with attachments you can leave that option alone.
  • Empty Trash Automatically – definitely enable this.
  • Reduce Clutter – we’ll leave that one as we’re going to look at other ways to clean up all the old junk files.

With that out of the way, you’re ready to do some cleanup.

Reduce the Applications that Launch on Startup

When an application installs, quite often they default to opening in the background on startup so it’s ready and waiting, just in case you need it. However, some of these tools are both resource intensive AND rarely used, in reality. You can reduce the load on your machine by disabling automatic startup. To do this:

  1. Open System Preferences, then select Users & Groups, and then click on your username.
  2. Select Login Items and check through the list of programs that are set to start when you login.
  3. If there are any you don’t need (or rarely use) just click the “” symbol below the list. This will remove them.

Clean Up your Desktop

Just like in the real world, a clutter desk can make things hard work! If you’re using your desktop to store your files and folders, you need to stop right away! Each file stored there uses RAM, which the processor needs to use to work effectively: the more RAM taken up by your desktop files, the less there is for your applications. Files, documents, photos, etc. should all be stored in the Documents section (in Finder). The desktop should only really be used for shortcuts to files and folders that are stored on another part of the Mac. Likewise, you may find you have redundant files here that you can delete: installation packages that can be cleaned up and other files that you dropped there temporarily and forgot to clean up.

Go through the Desktop and delete any used files.

Open Finder and start to move files, photos, folders, etc from the Desktop to your Documents folder. If you need to access them quickly from the desktop, just create a shortcut.

Remove Old Downloads

The Downloads folder typically stores a lot of files that we use once or twice then forget about. You can free up a considerably amount of space by going through this folder and deleting old and unused files. If you sort by date you can go as far back as your first undeleted download and start there.

Run Clean My Mac

Many of these steps can be done manually, or you can use a tool like Clean My Mac to make things easier. The steps in this article are based around the use of Clean My Mac, which can be bought (by subscription) here for 39.95 euros.

Run a Full Scan

The best place to start is with a full scan.

  1. Launch Clean My Mac and press Scan.
  2. When the scan is completed, click Review Details to see what exactly CleanMyMac has found.

Most of the sections below will be covered in this scan. You can just work through each item one-by-one or go straight to the instructions below to cleanup specific areas of the system.

Clear your Cache and other Junk Files

The cache is a repository for temporary files that are needed in the background to complete certain tasks while you work. An example is files that are downloaded from your browser to speed it up while you are viewing the internet. The cache serves a very useful purpose BUT it does need to be cleared, or just like any other place you regular dump stuff, it can clog things up.

  1. Open Clean My Mac.
  2. Select System Junk.
  3. Click Scan and let the application run. When it’s finished, you’ll see how much space can be cleaned up.
  4. Click Clean to remove all the junk from your machine.


Run the Maintenance and Optimisation Tools

Two great features in Clean My Mac are the Optimisation and Maintenance sections.

In the Maintenance section, select (as a minimum) Free Up RAM, Free Up Purgeable Space, and Run Maintenance Scripts. Just these three options alone should improve performance, especially if you’ve never run this tool before. To run the tools, just select them (tick the box) and then click Run. That’s it!

Now we’ve cleaned it up we can look at Speed Optimisation.

This tool looks at Login Items, Launch Agents, Hung Applications, and Heavy Consumers. Click the button to open the list of recommendations and decide, based on how often you use them, whether you need them at all, to clean things up.

If you followed the steps in this article you will already have cleaned up many of the startup items, but you may find other application here that you missed or that you had forgotten about.

In Conclusion…

Once you’ve been through all these steps you’ll have done the best you can to keep things running smoothly. Don’t wait 5 years to do it again! Make it part of your “spring cleaning routine” and do it whenever you feel things are slowing down.

Tools & Tips, Computer Maintenance, Tutorials

Spring Clean Your System Series: Introduction

Spring is in the air – at last! With the increasing light, we naturally start to clear out all those dusty corners and give our homes and gardens a good tidy up, ready for the year ahead. But what about your technology?

If, like me, you use your computer for work and also have a number of other devices you use, such as a table or iPad, the chances are you have a lot of files to organise. Whether that’s photos, e-mail or documents, just like your regular paper-based filing pile, a lot of clutter can build up over time if you don’t stay on top of it. And that’s just the stuff you see.

Whenever we use technology lots of files are used behind the scenes and these also mount up over time; things like temp (temporary) files, cookies from websites we visit, and a legion of other one-time and short-time-use files. All this invisible clutter stays on your system and over time slows it down, which is why it’s worth removing it. And what better time than Spring, since that’s when we get busy tidying generally.

Now all you need is a few specialist (free) tools and the know-how. What better way to start the week than with decluttered and organised computer! To help you with this I’ve put together a series of posts that will take you through the various ways you can tidying up and also get organised.

What’s Covered

First we’ll look at ways to declutter all those invisible files using some free software designed just for that purpose.

Then we’ll look at decluttering our files and applications.

And finally, once we’ve cleaned up our act, we’ll make sure we’ve got everything backed up, either to The Cloud or to an external disk or drive.

While you’re waiting…

In the meantime, why not get out some screen wipes and give the screen and keyboard a good wipe down. And, if you have a desktop PC or a laptop with a visible vent, it’s a good idea to put the hoover up to the back of the fan vent and suck out the dust especially if you have pets. No, seriously. One of our computers was constantly overheating. When we took the back off to check that all was well with the heat-sink we found, to our surprise, an enormous ball of fluff had collected there. No wonder it wouldn’t work!

Taking that one step further, if you’re confident to open the case on a desktop machine – and can do so without invalidating any warranties – it’s well worth giving your computer’s insides a good freshen up. Just open it up and give all the dusty looking bits a blast of air from an air canister such as this one on Amazon*. No more fluff – and no more whirring fan.

Although the focus of this will be on Windows systems, many of the techniques and tips will also be relevant for Mac users. Where there are differences, I’ll provide separate info in later posts.

Credits: main image copyright

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If you need help with this or any other aspect of your home or business IT, contact me to arrange a free consultation.

PLEASE NOTE, that this post contains an affiliate link. If you buy something through one of those links you won’t pay a penny more but I will get a small commission.

Some black and white lever arch folders on a shelf
Tools & Tips, Basics, Computer Maintenance

4 Ways to Backup Your Files and Prevent Data Loss

Whether you’re using your computer for business or just for personal stuff, the chances are there are files, photographs and other pieces of info (passwords, etc.) that you don’t want to lose. If you want to be sure you have it all, should the worst happen, are you prepared?

When did you last back up your files and folders?

We all know that computers go wrong, sometimes permanently, but in recent years they’ve become so stable and reliable many of us take it for granted that this won’t happen to us. If you can’t remember the last time you manually backed up your system – or checked that your backup tools are working as they should – this post is for you!

This reminder is timely because lately there are lots of people who fallen fowl of the latest Windows 10 update. Yes, you read that right. Microsoft, in their infinite wisdom, pushed an operating system update to all their users which corrupted the hardware on some computers. One day everything was fine, the next, not so. Thank you Microsoft. It’s unlikely any big corporations were caught out by this as usually large IT departments will test a bunch of updates before rolling them out across the company so it’s mostly likely small business owners and personal computer users that are taking the hit.

Luckily, some of the people impacted had solutions in place. Others thought all was well but discovered, too late, that their backup software had failed for reasons unknown so their files hadn’t backing up files automatically. And then there are those who hadn’t thought about backups, finding out the hard way how important they are.

And don’t be fooled into thinking that this won’t happy to Mac users either. A Mac is still just a computer at the end of the day, albeit a very shiny (and usually expensive!) one. In most cases, at least where the Windows 10 update was the probably cause, data can be recovered (at a price) but what if it were some other issue and the data was gone? Accidents happen, as do power surges, and broken Window’s updates! Furthermore computer components reach their natural end. What do you stand to lose if your computer just doesn’t work the next time you try and start it up?

Luckily there are bunch of ways you can ensure your data is backed up and secured away from your local working environment. See which of these methods work best for you then stick to it.

1. Do it all your self

If you’re going DIY with this you need to set a regular backup schedule. Don’t forget! It’s a boring but necessary job that’s it’s up there with clearing your gutters or getting your car serviced. 

Decide what you need to back up and where you will back up to (a separate hard disk, network attached storage, a disc, or a simple USB key). Once you have a plan devise a system. Write it down. Do the same thing everytime. Put the date in your diary. Don’t forget!

To make things easier you can use some helpful freeware like SyncBack, which enables you to create backup or synchronisation profiles. These can save a lot of time by allowing you to back up a collection of files or folders to a pre-defined space. I don’t use this so much now but when I was studying I kept all my files on a USB key, which I then used a SyncBack profile to sync my working files to a folder on whatever computer I was working on at the time. It’s simple to set up and then you don’t need to worry about whether you missed anything important. Just remember to create a new profile or modify your existing profiles when you’ve created new storage locations.

2. Store files locally, but backup to the Cloud

We’re all in the habit of saving files to our hard disks. Many of the programs we use regularly are more flexible and feature-rich than cloud-based equivalents, and some cloud-based apps are expensive (Adobe, for example.)

Dropbox started the trend here but now there are plenty of alternatives for cloud-based storage that will sync to local folders on your laptop, tablet or phone. The advantage of these over any manual approach is that you connect multiple devices to a single account, meaning there’s a single online repository for all your files and folders.

Aside from Dropbox, there’s Google Sync, which is great for users on any platform. f you were using Google Drive before Windows 10 came out and it stopped working, it’s worth revisiting Google Sync & Backup, which now seems reliable – mine backs-up every time I power-up the laptop. It slows things down for a while, so if that’s a problem it’s useful to be able to pause it, but usually I just leave it running because once it’done it’s done. 

For Mac users there’s always iCloud and for all users there are many other paid options, depending on how much security you want/need and how much storage space.

If you’re backing up photos paid for space can quickly get expensive. An alternative then is to keep your paid for storage (or free quota, if that’s enough) for data and use something free like Flickr, which has an auto-uploader feature: just open the app on your phone and, if configured correctly, your photos will start to upload. Just run it when you go to bed and you photos and videos will be fully backed up by morning. Easy peasy.

3. Use the Cloud, always

Then there’s the option of doing everything in the cloud. If you’re happy to keep all your files online and do away with local copies of software, you can decide to create and store all your files and documents in the cloud. This won’t work for photographs of course – they are always created in another platform and always need to be moved or duplicate din order to ensure you have digital copies – but for text content or spreadsheets, this might be the solution for you.

Google Docs and Sheets is one such option. When you create any files using Google Docs copies are always stored to Drive. This means they’re always accessible – and you can still create or download local copies if you really want or need to.

Likewise, there are many online software platforms to help with managing your business. There’s Trello for project management, Wave for managing your accounts, Harvest for time recording and invoice (you can also use Wave for invoicing but I prefer Harvest). It’s also a good idea to keep your email “in the cloud” – so use Gmail or, if you have a custom domain, the webmail utility that is enabled for that domain by your host. If security is a concern there’s always Protonmail, which guarantees end-to-end encryption on all your messages.

Most of these tools are totally free, so for no cost you can keep your files away from your local drive. No backups needed!

4. Don’t forget your website!

And, if you’re running a business with an online presence, don’t forget your website! If someone manages your site for you, check with them when backups happen and where they are stored. This may be something they initiate for you or something that is automated but either way you need to know where you can find a copy of your website if something goes wrong. A website lives on a server, which is just another name for a computer, so as with all computers, sometimes these things go wrong. Your site or the server could be hacked or corrupted. And then what? You’d still own your domain but your site, your content, your online presence would be gone in a flash!

Luckily there are some very simple solutions for automating site backups. How you do it will depend on how your site is hosted (private server or web builder platform, being the main two) and what plugins or apps are available. Speak to whoever manages your site for you – and if you don’t have anyone, give me a call!

Do you need help with this or any other aspect of your personal or small business computing? Get in touch to find out how I can help.

Photo by Samuel Zeller on Unsplash